Finding and Fixing Vulnerabilities in VMware ESX Running Version Prior to 4.1 , a High Risk Vulnerability

With Notes on Remediation, Penetration Testing, Disclosures, Patching and Exploits

Contents

  • Vital information on this issue
  • Scanning For and Finding Vulnerabilities in VMware ESX Running Version Prior to 4.1
  • Penetration Testing (Pentest) for this Vulnerability
  • Security updates on Vulnerabilities in VMware ESX Running Version Prior to 4.1
  • Disclosures related to Vulnerabilities in VMware ESX Running Version Prior to 4.1
  • Confirming the Presence of Vulnerabilities in VMware ESX Running Version Prior to 4.1
  • False positive/negatives
  • Patching/Repairing this vulnerability
  • Exploits related to Vulnerabilities in VMware ESX Running Version Prior to 4.1

Vital Information on This Issue
Vulnerabilities in VMware ESX Running Version Prior to 4.1 is a high risk vulnerability that is one of the most frequently found on networks around the world. This issue has been around since at least 1990 but has proven either difficult to detect, difficult to resolve or prone to being overlooked entirely.


Vulnerability Name: Vulnerabilities in VMware ESX Running Version Prior to 4.1
Test ID: 17305
Risk: High
Category: Web Servers
Type: Attack
Summary:
Impact: An attacker could run commands or code on the ESX server, cause a denial of service, disclose system information, gain escalated privileges, or access the server with any username and password combination.
Solution: Upgrade to a supported version of ESXi.
CVE: CVE-2008-0967
CVE-2008-2097
CVE-2008-2100
CVE-2008-2101
CVE-2008-4279
CVE-2008-4914
CVE-2008-4281
CVE-2008-4915
CVE-2008-4917
CVE-2008-7270
CVE-2009-1244
CVE-2009-1805
CVE-2009-2267
CVE-2009-3733
CVE-2010-1141
CVE-2010-1142
CVE-2010-1321
CVE-2010-2054
CVE-2010-3170
CVE-2010-3173
CVE-2010-3541
CVE-2010-3548
CVE-2010-3549
CVE-2010-3550
CVE-2010-3551
CVE-2010-3552
CVE-2010-3553
CVE-2010-3554
CVE-2010-3555
CVE-2010-3556
CVE-2010-3557
CVE-2010-3558
CVE-2010-3559
CVE-2010-3560
CVE-2010-3561
CVE-2010-3562
CVE-2010-3563
CVE-2010-3565
CVE-2010-3566
CVE-2010-3567
CVE-2010-3568
CVE-2010-3569
CVE-2010-3570
CVE-2010-3571
CVE-2010-3572
CVE-2010-3573
CVE-2010-3574
CVE-2010-4180
CVE-2010-4297
CVE-2010-4422
CVE-2010-4447
CVE-2010-4448
CVE-2010-4450
CVE-2010-4451
CVE-2010-4452
CVE-2010-4454
CVE-2010-4462
CVE-2010-4463
CVE-2010-4465
CVE-2010-4466
CVE-2010-4467
CVE-2010-4468
CVE-2010-4469
CVE-2010-4470
CVE-2010-4471
CVE-2010-4472
CVE-2010-4473
CVE-2010-4474
CVE-2010-4475
CVE-2010-4476
CVE-2011-0002
CVE-2011-0802
CVE-2011-0814
CVE-2011-0815
CVE-2011-0862
CVE-2011-0864
CVE-2011-0865
CVE-2011-0867
CVE-2011-0871
CVE-2011-0873
CVE-2011-1787
CVE-2011-2145
CVE-2011-2146
More Information: http://kb.vmware.com/selfservice/microsites/search.do?language=en_US&cmd=displayKC&externalId=1037257
Nist NVD (CVSS): (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:C/I:C/A:C)
CVSS Scroe: 10
For more information on this also issue see: www.securiteam.com

Scanning For and Finding Vulnerabilities in VMware ESX Running Version Prior to 4.1
Use of Vulnerability Management tools, like AVDS, are standard practice for the discovery of this vulnerability. The primary failure of VA in finding this vulnerability is related to setting the proper scope and frequency of network scans. It is vital that the broadest range of hosts (active IPs) possible are scanned and that scanning is done frequently. We recommend weekly. Your existing scanning solution or set of test tools should make this not just possible, but easy and affordable. If that is not the case, please consider AVDS.

Penetration Testing (pentest) for this Vulnerability
The Vulnerabilities in VMware ESX Running Version Prior to 4.1 is prone to false positive reports by most vulnerability assessment solutions. AVDS is alone in using behavior based testing that eliminates this issue. For all other VA tools security consultants will recommend confirmation by direct observation. In any case Penetration testing procedures for discovery of Vulnerabilities in VMware ESX Running Version Prior to 4.1 produces the highest discovery accuracy rate, but the infrequency of this expensive form of testing degrades its value. The ideal would be to have pentesting accuracy and the frequency and scope possibilities of VA solutions, and this is accomplished only by AVDS.

Security Updates on Vulnerabilities in VMware ESX Running Version Prior to 4.1
For the most current updates on this vulnerability please check www.securiteam.com Given that this is one of the most frequently found vulnerabilities, there is ample information regarding mitigation online and very good reason to get it fixed. Hackers are also aware that this is a frequently found vulnerability and so its discovery and repair is that much more important. It is so well known and common that any network that has it present and unmitigated indicates "low hanging fruit" to attackers.

Disclosures related to this vulnerability
https://www.cvedetails.com/vulnerability-list/vendor_id-252/product_id-14180/version_id-100772/Vmware-Esxi-4.1.html


Confirming the Presence of Vulnerabilities in VMware ESX Running Version Prior to 4.1
AVDS is currently testing for and finding this vulnerability with zero false positives. If your current set of tools is indicating that it is present but you think it is probably a false positive, please contact us for a demonstration of AVDS.

False positive/negatives
The secret killer of VA solution value is the false positive. There was an industry wide race to find the most vulnerabilities, including Vulnerabilities in VMware ESX Running Version Prior to 4.1 ,and this resulted in benefit to poorly written tests that beef up scan reports by adding a high percentage of uncertainty. This may have sold a lot of systems some years ago, but it also stuck almost all VA solutions with deliberately inaccurate reporting that adds time to repairs that no administrator can afford. Beyond Security did not participate in this race to mutually assured destruction of the industry and to this day produces the most accurate and actionable reports available.

Patching/Repairing this Vulnerability
https://www.vmware.com/support/vsphere4/doc/vsp_esx41_u3_rel_notes.html Vulnerabilities in VMware ESX Running Version Prior to 4.1 is a high risk vulnerability that is also high frequency and high visibility. This is the most severe combination of security factors that exists and it is extremely important to find it on your network and fix it as soon as possible.

Exploits related to Vulnerabilities in VMware ESX Running Version Prior to 4.1To exploit the vulnerability an attacker would have to intercept and modify management traffic. If successful, the hacker would compromise the hostd-VMDBs, which would lead to a denial of service for parts of the program

Please also visit www.securiteam.com to view any exploits available for this vulnerability, or search using "Vulnerabilities in VMware ESX Running Version Prior to 4.1 exploits".


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