- Vital information on this issue
- Scanning For and Finding Vulnerabilities in Chargen Detection
- Penetration Testing (Pentest) for this Vulnerability
- Security updates on Vulnerabilities in Chargen Detection
- Disclosures related to Vulnerabilities in Chargen Detection
- Confirming the Presence of Vulnerabilities in Chargen Detection
- False positive/negatives
- Patching/Repairing this vulnerability
- Exploits related to Vulnerabilities in Chargen Detection
Vital Information on This Issue
Vulnerabilities in Chargen Detection is a Medium risk vulnerability that is one of the most frequently found on networks around the world. This issue has been around since at least 1990 but has proven either difficult to detect, difficult to resolve or prone to being overlooked entirely.
|Vulnerability Name:||Chargen Detection|
|Category:||Simple Network services|
|Summary:||The chargen service is running. This service simply generates characters and has no useful functionality on its own. However, it can be easily used to perform Denial-of-Service attacks.|
|Impact:||Attackers can perform a Denial-of-Service attack against the machine.|
To stop the chargen service, disable the Simple TCP/IP Service in the Control Panel, under Services. This step not only disables the chargen service, but also the echo, daytime, discard, and quote-of-the-day services–any of which hackers could use for the bandwidth-hogging attack. Although none of these services is required for proper network operation, you might find a particular service useful. For example, you might want the echo service operational if your network monitors occasionally test the echo port when they cannot get a response to a ping.
You can run one or more services while turning the others off by adjusting the Registry entry found in the subtree HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESystemCurrentControlSetServicesSimpTcpParameters. To disable a particular service, change the established value of both the EnableTcp XXXX and EnableUdpXXXX parameters (where XXXX is the service name) from 0x1 to 0x0.
|Nist NVD (CVSS):||AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:N/I:N/A:P|
Scanning For and Finding Vulnerabilities in Chargen Detection
Use of Vulnerability Management tools, like AVDS, are standard practice for the discovery of this vulnerability. The primary failure of VA in finding this vulnerability is related to setting the proper scope and frequency of network scans. It is vital that the broadest range of hosts (active IPs) possible are scanned and that scanning is done frequently. We recommend weekly. Your existing scanning solution or set of test tools should make this not just possible, but easy and affordable. If that is not the case, please consider AVDS.
Penetration Testing (pentest) for this Vulnerability
The Vulnerabilities in Chargen Detection is prone to false positive reports by most vulnerability assessment solutions. AVDS is alone in using behavior based testing that eliminates this issue. For all other VA tools security consultants will recommend confirmation by direct observation. In any case Penetration testing procedures for discovery of Vulnerabilities in Chargen Detection produces the highest discovery accuracy rate, but the infrequency of this expensive form of testing degrades its value. The ideal would be to have pentesting accuracy and the frequency and scope possibilities of VA solutions, and this is accomplished only by AVDS.
Security Updates on Vulnerabilities in Chargen Detection
Given that this is one of the most frequently found vulnerabilities, there is ample information regarding mitigation online and very good reason to get it fixed. Hackers are also aware that this is a frequently found vulnerability and so its discovery and repair is that much more important. It is so well known and common that any network that has it present and unmitigated indicates “low hanging fruit” to attackers.
Disclosures related to this vulnerability
Confirming the Presence of Vulnerabilities in Chargen Detection
AVDS is currently testing for and finding this vulnerability with zero false positives. If your current set of tools is indicating that it is present but you think it is probably a false positive, please contact us for a demonstration of AVDS.
The secret killer of VA solution value is the false positive. There was an industry wide race to find the most vulnerabilities, including Vulnerabilities in Chargen Detection ,and this resulted in benefit to poorly written tests that beef up scan reports by adding a high percentage of uncertainty. This may have sold a lot of systems some years ago, but it also stuck almost all VA solutions with deliberately inaccurate reporting that adds time to repairs that no administrator can afford. Beyond Security did not participate in this race to mutually assured destruction of the industry and to this day produces the most accurate and actionable reports available.
Patching/Repairing this Vulnerability
Vulnerabilities in Chargen Detection is a Medium risk vulnerability that is also high frequency and high visibility. This is the most severe combination of security factors that exists and it is extremely important to find it on your network and fix it as soon as possible.